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Good and evil. Such comforting concepts - but hardly applicable.


Alexander of Brennenburg (unknown – 1839 or later) was an otherworldly being masquerading as a Prussian baron during the 16-19th centuries after his banishment from the Other World.[1]

He is the primary antagonist of Amnesia: The Dark Descent. He is voiced by Sam Mowry.[6]


Alexander was a supernatural, telepathic being who has been masquerading as multiple Prussian barons during his centuries-long life.[citation needed] He originated from another dimension, and although his methods would be considered ethically and morally abhorrent by any standards, he identified himself as a victim of circumstance and simply desires to return home.[citation needed] He has been capturing humans and animals for many years in order to extract their Vitae through torture.[citation needed] He apparently was banished from his world of origin, forcing him to reside on Earth and take on human form.[citation needed]

By human standards, Alexander is a genius, a true Renaissance man, experienced in science and magic. He is quite knowledgeable and well versed in worldly matters, though his knowledge has its limits as he was unable to understand the secrets of life and their relation to the enigmatic cosmic energy known as Vitae.[citation needed] The baron is very familiar in anatomical studies, alchemy and botany.[citation needed] Throughout The Dark Descent, Alexander maintains his innocence, claiming that he is a desperate refugee from his home-world, who barely recognizes our Earth.[citation needed] Alexander views the torture he inflicts on his victims as below whatever suffering he feels as an otherworldly being trapped on Earth; perhaps because the other world may be "beyond death" seeing as Alexander can communicate with Daniel after the Shadow has seemingly killed him.[citation needed] As evidenced by his various Memory Capsules, he left behind in his home dimension an individual to whom he refers to as "my love."[citation needed] Alexander confesses that his hope of reuniting with "his love" and escaping our world is the sole driving force behind his actions.[citation needed]

The world Alexander came from was much more technologically advanced than Earth. When Daniel touched the orb in the temple, he had visions of this place describing it as having "spiraling towers, endless deserts and impossible geometry."[citation needed] The baron often complains about the inefficient technology that he was forced to use to control the bridge in the Cistern.[citation needed] It is possible his home dimension uses some form of electricity, as the same note references "tamed lightning" being the comparable technology.[citation needed]


Is it you, my love, I miss the most, or is it perhaps myself? I know what I have become. I am not blind. I am a monster to them, a demonic sultan perched on a dark mountain top. There is little I can do to redeem myself.

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Little is known of Alexander's prior life in his home world. It is unknown whether his home was another planet or another dimension entirely, only that he was homesick for it for his entire existence on Earth and that some person who was his "love" remained there, for whatever reason, when he left.[7][8]

Life on Earth[]

When exactly Alexander arrived in our world is unknown; the first record of his activities date his presence to as far back as the late 16th century AD.[1] Coming to East Prussia at the end of the century, he portrayed himself to the people of Altstadt as a German nobleman from the Rhineland.[1] [2] He soon rebuilt the nearby Brennenburg Castle, which had recently burned down, and claimed its use.[1]

Here Agrippa, his pupil Johann Weyer and Alexander attempted to study the Orbs.[citation needed]

17th century[]

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18th century[]

The Black Eagle fears me and after Napolean's defeat it is only a matter of time before they will demand my head on a platter. I must remove myself from this land. This time it must work. If I can't return home now, I shall perish


Alexander's portrait on low sanity.

He soon became a founding member of the Order of the Black Eagle—established in 1701 by the soon-to-be first King of Prussia, Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg, as the new kingdom's highest order of chivalry—retaining a position as "Knight."[3][9] Although he kept his family records secret to hide his unnaturally long life, members of the Order feared and respected him nonetheless.[10][11] The younger members who later joined the court taking the positions their grandfathers once held who helped co-found the order became very suspicious of him.[citation needed] Over time the Order's fear of him after Napoleon's defeat grew, which became an impetus for the rapid completion of the portal back to his home-world.[citation needed] Alexander became afraid it was only a matter of time before they would have him executed.[citation needed]

Around the year 1702, Alexander made an offer to Wilhelm, from the noble house of Gerich, to work for him.[citation needed] Wilhelm and his men were to kidnap healthy humans at the baron's whim without question. With the temptation of greater status within noble society, the former-soldier gave into his diabolic ways easily.[citation needed]

However, only two years later Wilhelm's men were found to be incompetent. Their botched deliveries of the abductees caused many of Alexander's servants to be killed by royal authorities patrolling the forest, whom he felt would inevitably trace their activities back to the castle.[12] The baron was furious, and under the false pretense of raising a toast to celebrate their hard work with as much wine as they could drink, he locked them in the Wine Cellar.[13][14][15] The wine was poisoned, Wilhelm and his men all perished after consumption and possibly turned into Gatherers.[16][17]

The incident made Alexander impetuous.[citation needed] Fearing insufficient prisoners to supply needed Vitae, he hastily proceeded with the ritual to return home.[citation needed] In doing so, he not only botched the attempt to open the portal, but the failure had broken his only Orb, the one recovered from Agrippa's encounter, leaving him with no way to power his machine.[citation needed] He tried everything but failed to repair the mystic relic, necessitating that he acquire another one.[citation needed] Alexander lamented that there were precious few replacement orbs in the world that would suffice his purposes and that he had little recourse to obtain them. There was little else the baron could do at this point but wait.

19th century[]

Invitation to Daniel[]

In early July of 1839, Alexander received a letter from an Englishman named Daniel, who had recently arrived back in London from Herbert's ill-fated expedition and was curious about the Orb he recovered.[citation needed]

Alexander knew all too well that with the otherworldly relic in Daniel's possession, he was also being constantly followed by the enigmatic Guardian of the Orbs, the Shadow.[citation needed] Writing a short reply to all of his questions, he simply stated he knew everything, and offered him sanctuary if he came straight to Castle Brennenburg.[citation needed] Naturally, this would give the naive young man the incentive to come straight to him as no one else alive could hope to understand the Orbs or their power. Daniel was frightened by the response, and even more so when he realized that everyone he came into contact with suffered a horrible death. Fearing for his life he trusted the baron's offer to protect him and fled.[citation needed]

Convincing Daniel[]

When Daniel arrived with Orb in tow, Alexander was very pleased, showing him around the castle and his luxurious Guest Room.[citation needed] He and his servants appeared very dignified and made a very good impression for the guileless young man.[citation needed] The baron kept a close eye on Daniel who thought he was safe but as the man's sleep continued to be plagued with strange nightmares it became apparent the supernatural force had silently chased him to Brennenburg.[citation needed] Alexander began to sympathize with his situation, seeing him as a victim of circumstance much like himself.[speculation] He promised Daniel they would both put a stop to these "unpleasant dreams."[citation needed] In the parlour, he later told Daniel everything he wanted to know about the threat of the Shadow, and how it would pursue Daniel until he died for taking the Orb from the tomb in Algeria.[citation needed] However, the baron was deceptive, deliberately mixing truth in with lies so as not to cause any suspicion.[speculation] The last thing he wanted was Daniel throwing away the Orb, or fleeing Brennenburg with the Orb and risking the Shadow slaying him also.[speculation]

Carefully manipulating Daniel, Alexander offered him as much care and information as he could without revealing his true motives.[speculation] He brought the young man into his most precious chamber, the Inner Sanctum claiming here they would permanently banish the orb's Shadow.[citation needed] The truth was it had become a priority for the baron to force Daniel's orb to yield its power unto him, otherwise, he could not proceed with the ritual, Vitae alone was not enough.[citation needed] Daniel is enchanted by the relic to take it back but the baron holds him firmly back.[citation needed] He tampers with the Orb. This enrages the Shadow and it manifested, the walls burst with organic tissue threatening to devour them both.[citation needed] Alexander quickly covered the Orb and the cosmic horror vanished.[citation needed]

Alexander knew whatever happened now he had doomed the "branded" Daniel, though he had little time to pause for regret since they were both running out of time.[citation needed] He'd have little more than a week to escape.[citation needed] The Shadow would surely return and consume the entire castle.[citation needed] He had to quickly teach his friend how to harvest Vitae through torture, helping transport the captive human vessels, and assisting the baron's servants to reinforce the castle from the approaching living nightmare that threatened to collapse it.[citation needed] The Baron lied to the gullible young man, claiming he was charged with the responsibilities of a prison warden, and the castle cells were where violent and wicked criminals were locked up.[citation needed] He fabricated all sorts of crimes and horrific stories that they were supposedly "convicted" of.[citation needed]

Slowly, Alexander began to teach Daniel of "warding rituals," torturing and spilling the blood of others to offset the Shadow in its path.[citation needed] Alexander told Daniel that he would have to take part in the rituals, or else the Shadow would find Daniel. The baron was lying, of course, knowing that the Shadow cannot be banished and that these criminals, these "murderers" were, in fact, innocent people, but he needed his cooperation regardless.[citation needed] Fearing his death, Daniel became Alexander's pawn, kidnapping villagers and brutally torturing them before killing them. All of the while, Alexander obtained more and more vitae, while at the same time, keeping the Guardian away from Brennenburg.[citation needed] In some diary entries, he writes that he does feel sorrow for Daniel, as the young boy slowly destroys his soul due to his manipulation.[citation needed]

Abducting the Zimmermanns[]

The Baron was aware that the blood wards could not appease the ancient horror, nor would they distract it for very long.[citation needed] Alexander became somewhat concerned as Daniel became more and more desperate as the wrathful Shadow beckoned for him. Nevertheless, Alexander was excited as they had nearly gathered enough Vitae required. A few more human vessels were all that was needed. They journeyed to Zimmerman's farm outside Altstadt.[citation needed] The baron killed Herr Zimmerman while Daniel captured the wife and children.[citation needed]

Later that night one of Zimmerman's daughters managed to escape from the Prison (disambiguation), but Daniel found out.[citation needed] The mother was killed, and Daniel tracked down the little girl upstairs in the Storage, murdering her in cold blood.[citation needed] This finally broke Daniel's psyche and he realized he was no longer an innocent but a monster.[citation needed] The grieving man could not remove himself from the sight of her lifeless body.[citation needed]

Alexander was alarmed, seeing that the recent event had taken its toll on his friend.[citation needed] Fearing it was only a short matter of time before Daniel turned on him, he stole Daniel's Orb and sealed himself away in the Orb Chamber.[citation needed] Having harvested enough vitae now to initiate the ritual, he had for all intents and purposes abandoned Daniel to the advancing Shadow sooner than he would have liked since he would've rather done so after completing the ritual and removing the threat of reprisal.[citation needed]

Daniel, knowing he'd been manipulated and thanks to Alexander he'll now die as a cold-blooded murderer instead of an innocent, swore revenge.[citation needed] Unable to cope with the guilt of his actions and fear of his impending doom he wiped his memories away with the Amnesia mixture.[citation needed] The former Daniel left but a final letter to himself behind instructing him to end the baron.[citation needed]

Events of Amnesia: The Dark Descent[]

New Daniel fumbled with his shattered memories has little choice but to comply with his former self's instructions, the arriving Shadow prevents his escape and starts hunting him. Alexander also employs his servants, the Gatherer throughout the castle to patrol the rooms and kill Daniel on sight. The baron is confident that he'll complete the ritual but makes one fatal miscalculation. He left Agrippa's old broken orb shards behind. Daniel is the only one who can rebuild the Orb and using it, is able to penetrate the Inner Sanctum protecting Alexander.

Realizing Daniel meant to stop him, Alexander started communicating with him telepathically, taunting him often that he is responsible for all the death, intent on blaming the young man for his own misdeeds and corrupting influence. However, as Daniel explored further into the depths of Brennenburg Castle, Alexander is horrified, ordering him to turn around, as the Shadow following the man starts breaking down reality everywhere it goes, killing his servants in the process.

When Daniel arrived in the Chancel, he was ambushed by three Gatherers and taken captive. He wakes up in a jail cell. Alexander begins to taunt him again. The baron is perplexed as to why Daniel would drink from the amnesia tonic to get a fresh start. He then told Daniel to stay in the cell and save their work, hoping he'd agree so the Shadow will claim Daniel, leaving enough time for him to enter the portal. If Daniel decided to stay in his cell, the Guardian will soon consume and kill him, but if Daniel rejects his claims that he must sacrifice himself, he will escape from the cell and carry on through.


Alexander in-game.

Finally, Alexander was seen in person, naked and levitating, at the very bottom of Brennenburg Castle, in his Inner Sanctum, in which he is performing the final stages of the ritual in order to create a portal to the world he came from. Here, Daniel had a set of choices to make: Destroy the recreation of the Traveler's Locket and allow The Shadow to kill Alexander, liberating himself of its pursuit ('Revenge Ending'); toss Agrippa's head into the portal, killing Alexander, with Daniel apparently dying and being saved by Johann Weyer in the afterlife ('Good Ending'); or to simply allow Alexander to enter the portal, after which Daniel is killed by The Shadow and haunting memories of those he tortured, afterwards hearing Alexander's voice praising him ('Bad Ending').


  • "Daniel, is that you? What are you doing?"
  • "Is this guilt I'm witnessing, Daniel? If so, blame yourself. You started this. You sent me that letter asking for help and this is how you repay me? How dare you!"
  • "Do you see it, Daniel? A whole other world—isn't it beautiful? I can finally return... home. But you... I am sorry Daniel. You won't be able to enter. You are still tainted—branded by the Shadow. It will consume you either way."


  • When Daniel sent out letters to contacts asking for information using Herbert's stolen address book, Alexander of Brennenburg was among Herbert's most trusted friends and confidantes. It is very possible that the professor was well acquainted with the Prussian baron, and was even under his employ. He may have been sent to Algeria to retrieve an Orb for him after the baron had accidentally broken Agrippa's Orb in his hastiness to return "home."[citation needed] Alexander's response to all of Daniel's questions was simply "I know."[citation needed] It is unlikely that Alexander told Herbert exactly what sort of power was contained within the Orb, nor the dangers of removing it from the tomb, but simply promised a handsome sum for its retrieval.
    • In Rebirth, some notes from Herbert imply that Alexander told him about the Other World and about how the Orbs may serve to open portals through them. Herbert also states that Alexander told him about vitae (though it is unlikely that he told him about its origins).
  • Alexander's relationship with Agrippa and his pupil Johann Weyer is complex and not fully understood. The three appear to have some history and the baron expressed in one of his Memory Capsules his anger at Agrippa's apparent betrayal.[citation needed] It is possible Weyer gathered all the Orbs to journey beyond the Universe without the need for Vitae but did not invite Alexander, who trusted them both with the real reason for his efforts and why he so desperately sought to return "home."[citation needed]
  • Alexander's portrait on low sanity might be what his true form looks like, as he clearly isn't from the realm of humans. It could otherwise possibly be a reflection of the corruption that has claimed his soul, similar in nature to The Picture of Dorian Gray.
  • He may have been banished to our world by the Empress Tihana.[citation needed] Or maybe, but unlikely, he was in love with her.[speculation]
  • His extraordinary long life in our Earth might be explained by the different time elapsing speed in our world versus the Other World's. Judging by Tasi Trianon's development speed of her pregnancy while she was in the Other World, time could flowing faster in that planet/dimension (40 Earth weeks of pregnancy development happened in just a few hours). Thus, citizens of that world could have shorter life span when compared to "human" life span. As a result, Alexander managed to enjoy a much longer life than he would have lived in his world.


  • Alexander of Brennenburg, is based on Friedrich III of Brandenburg.[citation needed]
  • Baron Alexander's voice, Sam A. Mowry, previously voiced Dr. Eminiss in Frictional Games' series, Penumbra.
  • Alexander appears to have deep remorse for abandoning Daniel to the Shadow and also that he cannot bring him to his home-world.[citation needed] He bitterly considered it ironic that he had to use him, much like how Agrippa betrayed his "trust" in the past, allowing Weyer to journey to the other world and not him.[citation needed]
  • Despite being a Prussian baron for centuries, Alexander speaks English clearly, lacking any noticeable German accent.
  • Alexander, being an extra-dimensional entity/being, can mentally attack Daniel's sanity in an attempt to stop him. He does this once in the chancel as he expresses his outrage at Daniel's ungratefulness at his "hospitality" and again in the nave, causing the young Englishman to hallucinate many giant spiders swarming the walls. However, these cannot attack him physically and soon disappear.
  • Daniel cannot honour his former self's final wish and personally murder the baron with his own hands. Alexander is unreachable in the Orb Chamber; only the Shadow can stop him.
  • A note written by Alexander can be found in the control room where he potentially refers to brethren from his world as "mankind," which may hint that mankind also exists in other universes.
  • The notes in Amnesia: A Machine for Pigs possibly imply that Alexander is the great uncle of Oswald Mandus.[citation needed] Oswald received a body of a Gatherer, began research on Orbs, Vitae, and recovered his travel journal from the remains of Brennenburg Castle which inspired his expeditions to the Americas.[citation needed] In addition, the Black Eagle symbols are found in several places near Oswald's residence.[citation needed] This does bring into question Oswald's species. Such confusion could mostly be cleared up assuming that Oswald is not related by blood, but by marriage. However, Alexander mention having loved ones in Other World and may not have been interested in marrying a human or having a child, while Daniel has a sister named Hazel. Furthermore, there are no paintings of other relatives throughout the castle. Of course, there is currently no concrete evidence for or against this claim.
  • In the note of the Theater in Amnesia: Rebirth it's possibly implied that Alexander's real name is "Ayandra the Apostate" and that he invented the amnesia potion, called in his world Emmerysh elixir.[citation needed] But, because of his unappealable crimes, he was sentenced to exile.[citation needed]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Local Folklore, 'The Immortal Baron' (TDD): "Researching the history reveals little before the castle was consumed by fire in the late 16th century. It was rebuilt by Alexander..."
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Local Folklore, 'The Immortal Baron' (TDD): "It was rebuilt by Alexander, a nobleman from the Rhinelands claiming the role as protector of the Prussian State."
  3. 3.0 3.1 Local Folklore, 'The Immortal Baron' (TDD): "the baron... joined the coveted Order of the Black Eagle along with the great leaders of this country."
  4. Flashback – "Journey to Sanctum 4" (TDD)
  5. Last Prisoner Note (TDD): "Centuries have past in vain and I begin to wonder if I will ever be able to see my love again."
  6. 6.0 6.1 Amnesia: The Dark Descent – English credits: "Sam Mowry as Alexander"
  7. The Shattered Orb (TDD): "Centuries have past in vain and I begin to wonder if I will ever be able to see my love again."
  8. Dialogue (TDD) — Alexander: "Do you see, Daniel? A whole other world - isn't it beautiful? I can finally return... home."
  9. "Order of the Black Eagle." Retrieved June 23 2021. Last modified 1 April 2021. Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation.
  10. Local Folklore, 'The Immortal Baron' (TDD): "The family has always been secretive when it comes to lineage and heritage, therefore the birth and death of Alexander and his offspring has never been fully recorded."
  11. Local Folklore, 'The Immortal Baron' (TDD): "This has fed the idea that the baron is in fact the one and the same who came from the West over three hundred years ago, lived through the time of occupation, and joined the coveted Order..."
  12. Regarding Closing of the Wine Cellar (TDD): "Wilhelm and his fools have endangered my research long enough with their absentminded handling of the human vessels. The sheriff is keeping a watchful eye on the forest and is killing my trusty servants. It's just a matter of time until they follow the trail to Brennenburg... Either the king's men leave or they will starve. Whatever comes first - they can rot for all I care."
  13. Flashback — Transformation 1 (TDD)
  14. Regarding Closing of the Wine Cellar (TDD): "I need to lock Wilhelm and his men up to avoid further investigation from the public. The wine cellar will therefore be sealed off until the matter has been handled... Maybe I will feed them some wine, it would in a sense solve both of my problems."
  15. Wilhelm's Last Words (TDD): "Tonight the baron invited me and my men down to the wine cellar to celebrate our work. I had my suspicions as we descended the stairs, but he insisted and joined us in a toast. The wine tasted fine and my men drank without restraint. So begins the punishment for our sins. The baron has locked us up and returned upstairs."
  16. Wilhelm's Last Words (TDD): "My men are screaming, their skin has been pierced by their own tangled bones. I feel my insides revolt against their God given nature. Blood has begun to pour from my eyes and I can no longer..."
  17. Flashback — Transformation 2 (TDD)